After the 13th Century Ashkelon disappeared from the map, until this century when it became again a sizeable city, which lies outside of the excavations.
The first wall was built 3000 years ago, when the Canaanite cities in the Levant were defended by mighty bulwarks.
Research showed that the Bronze Age city was the same size as in the Middle Age city.
There is no specific date for the founding of Ashkelon.
Its origins date back approximately 5000 years and it is considered to be one of the world’s most ancient cities, a cradle of human culture.
Thanks to its special strategic position, the city fulfilled a vital role in the ancient history of the East.
The Egyptians recognized the importance of Ashkelon and its conquest is engraved in a picture on the wall of a temple dating from the Ramses II period.
During biblical times, Ashkelon was one of the five key Philistine cities along the coastal plain.
Although in the Book of Judges (1:18) it is said that the tribe of Judah took Ashkelon, the city actually remained in the hands of the Philistines.
More at Archaeology in Israel: Ashkelon.
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